BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Mitral annular calcification (MAC) represents a significant challenge in mitral valve (MV) surgery. Techniques to decalcify the mitral annulus significantly increase operative complexity and risk. MV repair can be particularly difficult in this setting. Mid-term outcomes following MV surgery with extensive annular decalcification were examined, with attention focused on the feasibility and outcomes of MV repair in this setting.
METHODS: Among 1,485 patients undergoing MV surgery between 1999 and 2008 at the authors' institutions, 24 (1.6%) underwent complete posterior MV annular decalcification associated with either MV repair (n = 19) or replacement (n = 5). Extensive decalcification was performed from commissure to commissure in all patients. The annulus was reconstructed with pledgeted compression sutures in 17 patients, and with a bovine pericardial patch in seven.
RESULTS: In-hospital mortality was 12.5%. One patient died in the operating room from atrioventricular groove rupture, and two patients died from low cardiac output postoperatively. During a mean follow up of 4.4 ± 2.7 years, eight patients died; five of these deaths were cardiovascular in nature. After five years the actuarial survival was 56 ± 11%, and freedom from cardiac death 63 ± 11%. Four patients underwent' reoperation because of failure of MV repair (n = 2), endocarditis (n = 1) or hemolysis (n = 1). All survivors were in NYHA class ≤ 2, with none to trivial mitral regurgitation in all MV repairs. The five-year freedom from MV reoperation was 82 ± 8%.
CONCLUSION: After aggressive decalcification of the posterior MV annulus, both MV repair and replacement were feasible, with acceptable procedure-related mortality. It was clear however, that decalcification increased both complexity and risk. In well-selected patients, an aggressive approach to MV repair might facilitate a high rate of repair with acceptable midterm outcome in this patient population.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||The Journal of heart valve disease|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2015|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine