Mitogen Activating Protein Kinase (MAPK) mediates carbon particle-induced tumor necrosis factor-α expression

Beek Yoke Chin, Leo E. Otterbein, Terence H Risby, Augustine M K Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Airborne carbon particles (CP) are a major environmental pollutants. It is generally believed that macrophages are activated upon phagocytosis of CP. Exposure of RAW 264.7 macrophages (2 μg/ml) to PAH (polyaromatic hydrocarbon)-coated CP increases the steady state levels of TNF-α mRNA by Northern blot analysis in a time dependent manner, with initial increase of TNF-α mRNA by 1 h, peak by 8 h prior to decreasing to control levels by 24 h. The increased TNF-α mRNA levels correlated with increased TNF-α protein synthesis and secretion by Western Blot analysis and ELISA assays. PAH-CP also activated the MAPK pathway as determined by immunoprecipitation of cell lysates with ERK1/ERK2 antibody. To determine whether the MAPK pathway is involved in mediating PAH-CP-induced TNF-α expression, we pretreated the RAW cells with 10 μM PD 098059 (an inhibitor of MAPK/extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1) prior to exposure to PAH-CP. PD 098059 completely inhibited PAH-CP-induced TNF-α expression. Taken together, our study demonstrate that PAH-CP induces the inflammatory cytokine TNF-α, and that the MAPK pathway may mediate this induction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume12
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 20 1998

Fingerprint

tumor necrosis factors
Mitogens
protein kinases
Protein Kinases
Carbon
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Hydrocarbons
hydrocarbons
carbon
Macrophages
Messenger RNA
macrophages
Environmental Pollutants
protein secretion
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3
Level control
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
phagocytosis
mitogen-activated protein kinase
Phagocytosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Mitogen Activating Protein Kinase (MAPK) mediates carbon particle-induced tumor necrosis factor-α expression. / Chin, Beek Yoke; Otterbein, Leo E.; Risby, Terence H; Choi, Augustine M K.

In: FASEB Journal, Vol. 12, No. 5, 20.03.1998.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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