Pharmacological evidence has implicated ATP-dependent potassium (K(ATP)) channels in the mechanism of ischemic preconditioning; however, the effects of sarcolemmal K(ATP) channels on excitability cannot account for the protection. K(ATP) channels also exist in mitochondrial inner membrane. To test whether such channels play a role in cardioprotection, we simultaneously measured flavoprotein fluorescence, an index of mitochondrial redox state, and sarcolemmal K(ATP) currents in intact rabbit ventricular myocytes. Our results show that diazoxide, a K(ATP) channel opener, induced reversible oxidation of flavoproteins, but did not activate sarcolemmal K(ATP) channels. This effect of diazoxide was blocked by 5-hydroxydecanoic acid (5-HD). We further verified that 5-HD is a selective blocker of the mitochondrial K(ATP) channels. These methods have enabled us to demonstrate that the activity of mitochondrial K(ATP) channels can be regulated by protein kinase C. In a cellular model of simulated ischemia, inclusion of diazoxide decreased the rate of cell death to about half of that in control. Such protection is inhibited by 5-HD. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that diazoxide targets mitochondrial but not sarcolemmal K(ATP) channels, and imply that mitochondrial K(ATP) channels may mediate preconditioning.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences|
|State||Published - 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- History and Philosophy of Science