The goal of the study was to investigate the in vitro and in vivo inhibition of minoxidil on smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and migration as well as neointimal formation. The in vitro effect of minoxidil was investigated by Boyden chamber assay and cell-cycle analysis. To evaluate the in vivo effect, we treated the animals with minoxidil in their drinking water before and after balloon catheter injury to carotid artery. Results showed that minoxidil inhibited SMC migration across type I collagen membrane in a dose-related manner (13.5% by 0.01 mg/ml; p < 0.05; 16.8% by 0.05 mg/ml; p < 0.01; 40.4% by 0.25 mg/ml; p < 0.001; and 65.8% by 1.25 mg/ml; p < 0.001). Minoxidil (0.8 mg/ml) increased the number of SMCs in G1 phase (p < 0.05) and decreased the number of SMCs in S phase (p < 0.001). In vivo minoxidil treatment reduced neointimal mass by 31.7% (120 mg/L) and 42.3% (200 mg/L), respectively. Data demonstrate that minoxidil inhibits vascular SMC proliferation and migration both in vitro and in vivo, and therefore may be useful to inhibit SMC hyperplasia that occurs in restenosis and other vascular diseases.
- Smooth muscle cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine