Mining lung cancer patient data to assess healthcare resource utilization

Gloria Phillips-Wren, Phoebe Sharkey, Sydney Morss Dy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objective of this study is to assess the utilization of healthcare resources by lung cancer patients related to their demographic characteristics, socioeconomic markers, ethnic backgrounds, medical histories, and access to healthcare resources in order to guide medical decision making and public policy. The study compares alternative data mining techniques in combination with traditional regression methods and uses propensity scoring to differentiate the predictive power of various models. The study demonstrates that data mining methods can be applied to large, complex, public-use Medicare insurance claims files to reveal insights such as geographic variation in healthcare delivery practice patterns for lung cancer. The results indicate that decision trees and artificial neural networks, particularly when used in combination, can produce better predictive and descriptive models than regression alone to guide healthcare decisions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1611-1619
Number of pages9
JournalExpert Systems with Applications
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2008

Keywords

  • Data mining
  • Healthcare utilization
  • Lung cancer
  • Medicare claims data
  • Propensity score

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Artificial Intelligence

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