Minimally invasive surgery for esophageal achalasia

Giovanni Zaninotto, Mario Costantini, Daniela Molena, Giuseppe Portale, Michela Costantino, Loredana Nicoletti, Ermanno Ancona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Esophageal achalasia is characterized by loss of peristaltic activity and failure of relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). The characteristic dysphagia may be alleviated by surgery, dilations, or botulinum toxin injections. Video-endoscopic surgery is used increasingly. Patients and Methods: This paper reports our experience with 142 consecutive achalasia patients treated by laparoscopic Heller myotomy and Dor antireflux fundoplication and followed for a median 26 months. Results: Overall, the actuarial lifetable analysis showed a 90% probability of a patient's being symptom free over a 5-year period. Radiologic assessment showed a significant reduction in esophageal diameter and manometry a significant reduction in the resting tone and residual pressure of the LES. Twenty-four-hour pH monitoring showed postoperative reflux in 6.7% of patients. Persistent dysphagia or chest pain (i.e., failure of treatment) were reported by 15 patients (10.6%): 14 of them were subsequently treated with multiple pneumatic dilations, which were successful in 12 cases. Conclusion: Laparoscopic Heller myotomy with Dor fundoplication is a feasible and effective treatment for achalasia, with an actuarial success rate of 90% at 5 years. With additional dilation, a 98% success rate can be achieved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-359
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques
Volume11
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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