Minimal experimental requirements for definition of extracellular vesicles and their functions: A position statement from the International Society for Extracellular Vesicles

Jan Lötvall, Andrew F. Hill, Fred Hochberg, Edit I. Buzás, Dolores Di Vizio, Christopher Gardiner, Yong Song Gho, Igor V. Kurochkin, Suresh Mathivanan, Peter Quesenberry, Susmita Sahoo, Hidetoshi Tahara, Marca H. Wauben, Kenneth W. Witwer, Clotilde Théry

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

Abstract

Secreted membrane-enclosed vesicles, collectively called extracellular vesicles (EVs), which include exosomes, ectosomes, microvesicles, microparticles, apoptotic bodies and other EV subsets, encompass a very rapidly growing scientific field in biology and medicine. Importantly, it is currently technically challenging to obtain a totally pure EV fraction free from non-vesicular components for functional studies, and therefore there is a need to establish guidelines for analyses of these vesicles and reporting of scientific studies on EV biology. Here, the International Society for Extracellular Vesicles (ISEV) provides researchers with a minimal set of biochemical, biophysical and functional standards that should be used to attribute any specific biological cargo or functions to EVs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number26913
JournalJournal of Extracellular Vesicles
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Ectosomes
  • Exosomes
  • Extracellular RNA
  • Extracellular vesicles
  • Microparticles
  • Microvesicles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Histology
  • Cell Biology

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  • Cite this

    Lötvall, J., Hill, A. F., Hochberg, F., Buzás, E. I., Vizio, D. D., Gardiner, C., Gho, Y. S., Kurochkin, I. V., Mathivanan, S., Quesenberry, P., Sahoo, S., Tahara, H., Wauben, M. H., Witwer, K. W., & Théry, C. (2014). Minimal experimental requirements for definition of extracellular vesicles and their functions: A position statement from the International Society for Extracellular Vesicles. Journal of Extracellular Vesicles, 3(1), [26913]. https://doi.org/10.3402/jev.v3.26913