Conventional MRI instruments transmit received MRI signals through electrical cables. Although this design has proved to be effective over the years, we report a fiber-optic system that addresses the needs of recent developments in MRI technology. One of these technologies is phased array coils with a high number of elements, where total size of interconnections is a primary problem, and other problem is internal MRI coils, where there is a need for improvements in safety. The Miniature Fiber-Optic Transmission (FOT) System was developed to address these issues. The system consists of a receiver coil with active detuning, a low-noise preamplifier, and a laser diode connected to a photodetector with fiber-optic cabling. The overall noise figure of the system is lower than 1 dB. Total power consumption is 50 mW, and the device is switchable with another fiber-optic line, which can also control active detuning. A prototype device was tested in a GE 1.5 Tesla MRI scanner, and several images were acquired with a signal to noise ratio similar to coaxial cabling. We believe that this design will reduce the cabling problems of arrays and enable placement of internal coils into body cavities with no safety hazard to the patient, such as electrical shock or burns.
- MRI cabling
- MRI RF coils
- Optical data transmission
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology