We explored the effects of insulin on mineral homeostasis in five lean and six moderately obese nondiabetic premenopausal women. Serum and urine minerals were measured before and during the steady-state phase of a euglycemic insulin clamp. Each subject participated in two insulin clamp studies on separate days at insulin infusion rates of 10 and 40 mU/m2/min. Euglycemic hyperinsulinemia was associated with (1) a significant increase in urinary calcium excretion when expressed per minute with no change in total serum calcium; (2) a decrease in urine and serum phosphate; (3) a decrease in serum potassium with no change in urine potassium; and (4) no measurable effects on urine or serum sodium. At any given insulin level, the obese individuals excreted significantly more calcium, phosphate, and potassium per minute than lean controls. While insulin administration had no effect on serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) or vitamin D levels, baseline serum 1,25(OH)2D concentration was significantly higher and serum ultrafilterable calcium was significantly lower in obese subjects than in lean controls.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism