Background: Cytokinesis in bacteria is mediated by a cytokinetic ring, termed the Z ring, which forms a scaffold for recruitment of other cell-division proteins. The Z ring is composed of FtsZ filaments, but their organization in the Z ring is poorly understood. In Escherichia coli, the Min system contributes to the spatial regulation of cytokinesis by preventing the assembly of the Z ring away from midcell. The effector of the Min system, MinC, inhibits Z ring assembly by a mechanism that is not clear. Results: Here, we report that MinC controls the scaffolding function of FtsZ by antagonizing the mechanical integrity of FtsZ structures. Specifically, MinC antagonizes the ability of FtsZ filaments to be in a solid-like gel state. MinC is a modular protein whose two domains (MinCC and MinCN) synergize to inhibit FtsZ function. MinCC interacts directly with FtsZ polymers to target MinC to Z rings. MinCC also prevents lateral interactions between FtsZ filaments, an activity that seems to be unique among cytoskeletal proteins. Because MinCC is inhibitory in vivo, it suggests that lateral interactions between FtsZ filaments are important for the structural integrity of the Z ring. MinCN contributes to MinC activity by weakening the longitudinal bonds between FtsZ molecules in a filament leading to a loss of polymer rigidity and consequent polymer shortening. On the basis of our results, we develop the first computational model of the Z ring and study the effects of MinC. Conclusions: Control over the scaffolding activity of FtsZ probably represents a universal regulatory mechanism of bacterial cytokinesis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)