Milk consumption and prevalence of coronary heart disease in men and women from the Scottish Heart Health Study

C. Bolton-Smith, C. A. Brown, M. Woodward, H. Tunstall-Pedoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This report uses cross-sectional results from the Scottish Heart Health Study to investigate whether milk consumption has an independent effect on the prevalence of coronary heart disease. Milk consumption was assessed by questionnaire in men and women aged 40-59 years (n = 10359) who participated in a survey of risk factors for coronary heart disease between 1984 and 1986. Odds ratios for coronary heart disease were calculated according to volume and type of milk consumed for subjects with and without symptoms of coronary heart disease. Statistical adjustment was made for the classical risk factors. A higher percentage of men and women with diagnosed coronary heart disease (CHD) usually consume low-fat milk, compared with asymptomatic controls. Odds ratios for having undiagnosed heart disease did not differ significantly with volume or type of milk. However, the odds ratios for having diagnosed heart disease were lower in the moderate (0.5-1 pint/d) milk consumption group. Patterns of milk consumption in patients diagnosed as having CHD are likely to be confounded by dietary changes post-diagnosis. Milk consumption appears to have little independent effect on the prevalence of coronary heart disease in this Scottish population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-310
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume5
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

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milk consumption
Coronary Disease
Milk
heart
Health
odds ratio
heart diseases
Odds Ratio
risk factors
Heart Diseases
low fat milk
milk
coronary disease
signs and symptoms (animals and humans)
questionnaires
Fats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

Milk consumption and prevalence of coronary heart disease in men and women from the Scottish Heart Health Study. / Bolton-Smith, C.; Brown, C. A.; Woodward, M.; Tunstall-Pedoe, H.

In: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Vol. 5, No. 5, 1992, p. 305-310.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bolton-Smith, C. ; Brown, C. A. ; Woodward, M. ; Tunstall-Pedoe, H. / Milk consumption and prevalence of coronary heart disease in men and women from the Scottish Heart Health Study. In: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics. 1992 ; Vol. 5, No. 5. pp. 305-310.
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