ObjectiveObesity is a common, modifiable cardiovascular and cerebrovascular risk factor. Among people with HIV, obesity may contribute to multisystem dysregulation including cognitive impairment. We examined body mass index (BMI) and central obesity (waist circumference [WC]) in association with domain-specific cognitive function and 10-year cognitive decline in men with HIV infection (MWH) vs HIV-uninfected (HIV-) men.MethodsA total of 316 MWH and 656 HIV-Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study participants ≥40 years at baseline, with neuropsychological testing every 2 years and concurrent BMI and WC measurements, were included. MWH were included if taking ≥2 antiretroviral agents and had HIV-1 RNA <400 copies/mL at >80% of visits. Mixed-effects models included all visits from 1996 to 2015, stratified by HIV serostatus, and adjusted for sociodemographic, behavioral, and clinical characteristics. At baseline and follow-up, 8% of MWH and 15% of HIV-men and 41% of MWH and 56% of HIV-men were ≥60 years, respectively.ResultsCross-sectionally, higher BMI was inversely associated with motor function in MWH and HIV-men, and attention/working memory in HIV-men. WC was inversely associated with motor function in MWH and HIV-men. Longitudinal associations indicated an obese BMI was associated with a less steep decline in motor function in MWH whereas in HIV-men, obesity was associated with a greater decline in motor function, learning, and memory. WC, or central obesity, showed similar patterns of associations.ConclusionHigher adiposity is associated with lower cognition cross-sectionally and greater cognitive decline, particularly in HIV-men. Overweight and obesity may be important predictors of neurologic outcomes and avenues for prevention and intervention.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology