Preoperatively administered midazolam may contribute to postoperative sedation and delayed recovery from brief outpatient general anesthesia, particularly in patients who receive significant postoperative opioid analgesics. We evaluated the effects of midazolam premedication (0.04 mg/kg) on postoperative sedation and recovery times after laparoscopic tubal sterilization (Falope rings) in 30 healthy women in a randomized, double- blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients received midazolam or saline- placebo intravenously 10 min before anesthesia. General anesthesia was induced with fentanyl, propofol, and mivacurium and was maintained with N2O and isoflurane. Sedation was quantified before and after premedication and 15, 30, and 60 min after emergence from anesthesia, using the digit-symbol substitution (DSST) and Trieger dot (TDT) tests. Management of postoperative pain and nausea and discharge criteria were standardized. Groups were similar with respect to age, weight, and duration of surgery and anesthesia. Midazolam was associated with impairment of performance on the TDT and DSST after premedication administration and 15 (TDT and DSST) and 30 (DSST) min after post anesthesia care unit (PACU) arrival. There were no differences in PACU time and time to discharge-readiness. In conclusion, midazolam premedication augments postoperative sedation in this population but does not prolong recovery times.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine