Microtiter assay for detecting Campylobacter spp. and Helicobacter pylori with surface gangliosides which bind cholera toxin

David A. Sack, Albert J. Lastovica, Sunny H. Chang, Gary Pazzaglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Campylobacter jejuni with Gm1 ganglioside in the core of its lipopolysaccharide has been associated with Guillain-Barre syndrome. Since this epitope may be of considerable pathophysiologic importance and since this ganglioside binds cholera toxin, a rapid screening assay to detect bacteria that bind cholera toxin as an indication of Gm1 on their surfaces was developed. In the assay, bacterial lawns were grown on agar plates, harvested with phosphate-buffered saline, boiled, and incubated with a standard concentration of cholera B subunit. Preparations from strains with Gm1 were observed to inhibit the binding of cholera B subunit to Gm1 in a microtiter enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. By using this assay with two groups of strains, 37 positive strains were detected among the 197 tested. Species with positive isolates included C. jejuni, Campylobacter coli, and Helicobacter pylori. The assay is capable of testing large numbers of isolates and should prove useful in future clinical and epidemiological studies of bacteria with this epitope.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2043-2045
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of clinical microbiology
Volume36
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

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