Microstructural mechanisms of analgesia in percutaneous cervical cordotomy revealed by diffusion tensor imaging

Stephen S. Gebarski, Srinivas Chiravuri, Bradley R. Foerster, Parag G. Patil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the potential of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to reveal structural mechanisms underlying spinal ablative procedures, including percutaneous radiofrequency cordotomy (PRFC). PRFC is a surgical procedure that produces analgesia through focal ablation of the lateral spinothalamic tract (STT), thereby interrupting the flow of pain information from the periphery to the brain. To date, studies regarding mechanisms of analgesia after PRFC have been limited to postmortem cadaveric dissection and histology. However, with recent advances in DTI, the opportunity has arisen to study the STT non-invasively in vivo. In this technical note, an individual with successful pain relief following unilateral STT PRFC was examined using DTI, with the contralateral STT serving as an internal control. PRFC substantially reduced rostrocaudal directional DTI signal in the STT from the lesion in the cervical spinal cord through the pons and mesencephalon. Our findings confirm that focal ablation and anterograde degeneration accompany the analgesic effects of PRFC. In vivo imaging of the STT with DTI may contribute to surgical targeting for PRFC procedures, better understanding of the therapeutic and untoward effects of PRFC, and a deeper understanding of spinothalamic contributions to nociception.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-314
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Volume45
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Cordotomy
  • Diffusion tensor imaging
  • Pain
  • Spinothalamic tract

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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