MicroRNA silencing of tumor suppressor DLC-1 promotes efficient hepatitis C virus replication in primary human hepatocytes

Krishna Banaudha, Michael Kaliszewski, Tamara Korolnek, Liliana Florea, Man Lung Yeung, Kuan Teh Jeang, Ajit Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are approximately 22-nucleotide noncoding RNAs that constitute silencers of target gene expression. Aberrant expression of miRNA has been linked to a variety of cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is considered a major cause of chronic liver disease and HCC, although the mechanism of virus infection-associated hepatocarcinogenesis remains unclear. We report a direct role of miRNAs induced in HCV-infected primary human hepatocytes that target the tumor suppressor gene DLC-1 (a Rho GTPase-activating protein), which is frequently deleted in HCC, and other solid human tumors. MicroRNA miR-141 that targets DLC-1 was accentuated in cells infected with HCV genotypes 1a, 1b, and 2a. We present several lines of evidence that efficient HCV replication requires miR-141-mediated suppression of DLC-1. An increase in miR-141 correlated with the inhibition of DLC-1 protein in HCV-infected cells. Depletion of miR-141 with oligonucleotides complementary to the miRNAs inhibited virus replication, whereas artificially increased levels of intracellular miR-141 enhanced HCV replication. HCV-infected hepatocytes showed enhanced cell proliferation that can be countered by overexpression of DLC-1. Conclusion: The collective results of this study suggest a novel mechanism of HCV infection-associated miRNA-mediated regulation of a tumor suppressor protein that has the ability to influence cell proliferation and HCV infection-mediated liver cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-61
Number of pages9
JournalHepatology
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'MicroRNA silencing of tumor suppressor DLC-1 promotes efficient hepatitis C virus replication in primary human hepatocytes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this