MicroRNA-193a-3p reduces intestinal inflammation in response to microbiota via down-regulation of colonic PepT1

Xin Dai, Xi Chen, Qun Chen, Lei Shi, Hongwei Liang, Zhen Zhou, Qian Liu, Wenjing Pang, Dongxia Hou, Cheng Wang, Ke Zen, Yaozong Yuan, Chen Yu Zhang, Lu Xia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


Intestinal inflammation is characterized by epithelial disruption, leading to the loss of barrier function, recruitment of immune cells, and host immune responses to gut microbiota. PepT1, a di/tripeptide transporter that uptakes bacterial products, is up-regulated in inflamed colon tissue, which implies its role in bacterium-associated intestinal inflammation. Although microRNA (miRNA)-mediated gene regulation has been found to be involved in various processes of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the biological function of miRNAs in the pathogenesis of IBD remains to be explored. In this study we detected miRNA expression patterns in colon tissues during colitis and investigated the mechanism underlying the regulation of colonic PepT1 by miRNAs. We observed an inverse correlation between PepT1 and miR-193a-3p in inflamed colon tissues with active ulcerative colitis, and we further demonstrated that miR-193a-3p reduced PepT1 expression and activity as a target gene and subsequently suppressed the NF-κB pathway. Intracolonic delivery of miR-193a-3p significantly ameliorated dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis, whereas the overexpression of colonic PepT1 via PepT1 3'-untranslated region mutant lentivirus vector abolished the anti-inflammatory effect of miR-193a-3p. Furthermore, antibiotic treatment eliminated the difference in the dextran sodium sulfate-induced inflammation between the presence and absence of miR-193a-3p. These findings suggest that miR-193a-3p regulation of PepT1 mediates the uptake of bacterial products and is a potent mechanism during the colonic inflammation process. Overall, we believe miR-193a-3p may be a potent regulator of colonic PepT1 for maintaining intestinal homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16099-16115
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number26
StatePublished - Jun 26 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'MicroRNA-193a-3p reduces intestinal inflammation in response to microbiota via down-regulation of colonic PepT1'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this