MicroRNA-192 and-215 are upregulated in human gastric cancer in vivo and suppress ALCAM expression in vitro

Z. Jin, F. M. Selaru, Y. Cheng, T. Kan, R. Agarwal, Y. Mori, A. V. Olaru, J. Yang, S. David, J. P. Hamilton, J. M. Abraham, J. Harmon, M. Duncan, E. A. Montgomery, S. J. Meltzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The dismal outcome of gastric cancer patients highlights the need for diagnostic biomarkers and effective therapeutic targets, such as microRNAs. We sought to discover microRNAs involved in gastric cancer, and to elucidate their downstream target mechanisms. Both cultured gastric epithelial cells (HFE145 and NCI-N87) and primary human gastric tissues (31 non-neoplastic stomach (NS) and 25 gastric carcinomas (GC)) were studied. MicroRNA microarrays and quantitative RT-PCR were applied to discover and verify differentially expressed microRNAs. in vitro cell migration and invasion, cell proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis assays were executed to elucidate biological effects of microRNA-192 and-215. Western blotting and luciferase assays were performed to confirm direct messenger RNA targeting by microRNA-192 and-215. MicroRNA microarray analyses revealed that 25 and 20 microRNAs were upregulated and downregulated in GC vs NS, respectively. Expression levels of both microRNA-192 and-215 were significantly higher in GC than in NS (P0.05). Luciferase assays suggested that microRNA-215 inhibits activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM) expression at the posttranscriptional level. In addition, expression levels of ALCAM were significantly lower in GC than in NS. Mimics and inhibitors, respectively, of microRNA-192 or-215 exerted no effect on cell cycle or apoptosis in the immortalized normal gastric cell line HFE145 or the gastric cancer cell line NCI-N87. However, mimics of microRNA-192 or-215 significantly increased growth rates in HFE145 cells, whereas inhibitors of microRNA-192 or-215 caused significant decreases in growth rates in NCI-N87 cells. ALCAM knockdown by an ALCAM-specific siRNA significantly increased cell growth in HFE145 cells. Both transfection of mimics of microRNA-192 or-215 and ALCAM knockdown by an ALCAM-specific siRNA significantly increased the migration of HFE145 cells. In conclusion, in gastric cancer, both microRNA-192 and-215 are overexpressed in vivo and exert cell growth and migration-promoting effects in vitro, thus representing potential microRNAs with a role in cancer in the human stomach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1577-1585
Number of pages9
JournalOncogene
Volume30
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 31 2011

Keywords

  • ALCAM
  • gastric cancer
  • microRNA-192 and -215

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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