Microreactors for efficient on-chip fuel processing and hydrogen generation

M. V. Kothare, A. V. Pattekar, K. A. Alfadhel, L. Bleris, S. Mukherjee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper provides an overview of several on-going research projects on microreactors and microchemical systems in our group. Microchemical systems are a new generation of miniature chemical systems that carry out chemical reactions and separations in precisely fabricated three dimensional microreactor configurations in the size range of a few microns to a few hundred microns. Typical microchemical systems combine fluid handling and reaction capabilities with electronic sensing and actuation, are fabricated using integrated circuit (IC) manufacturing techniques and use silicon and related IC industry materials, polymers, ceramics, glass or quartz as their material of construction. The use of such systems for in-situ and on-demand chemical production is gaining increasing importance as the field of microreaction engineering transitions from a theoretical concept to a technology with significant industrial applications. The paper presents a review of our work on MEMS-based microfabrication, modeling and control of microreformers for hydrogen delivery systems in micro-fuel cells and suggests possible areas of future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
EditorsW.Y.-C. Lai, S. Pau, O.D. Lopez
Pages241-253
Number of pages13
Volume5592
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes
EventNanofabrication: Technologies, Devices, and Applications - Philadelphia, PA, United States
Duration: Oct 25 2004Oct 28 2004

Other

OtherNanofabrication: Technologies, Devices, and Applications
CountryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia, PA
Period10/25/0410/28/04

Keywords

  • Embedded control
  • Integrated system-on-chip
  • Micro-fuel cells
  • Micro-reformers
  • Microchemical systems
  • Microreactors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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