Microplastics in Seafood and the Implications for Human Health

Madeleine Smith, David C Love, Chelsea M. Rochman, Roni Neff

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We describe evidence regarding human exposure to microplastics via seafood and discuss potential health effects. RECENT FINDINGS: Shellfish and other animals consumed whole pose particular concern for human exposure. If there is toxicity, it is likely dependent on dose, polymer type, size, surface chemistry, and hydrophobicity. Human activity has led to microplastic contamination throughout the marine environment. As a result of widespread contamination, microplastics are ingested by many species of wildlife including fish and shellfish. Because microplastics are associated with chemicals from manufacturing and that sorb from the surrounding environment, there is concern regarding physical and chemical toxicity. Evidence regarding microplastic toxicity and epidemiology is emerging. We characterize current knowledge and highlight gaps. We also recommend mitigation and adaptation strategies targeting the life cycle of microplastics and recommend future research to assess impacts of microplastics on humans. Addressing these research gaps is a critical priority due to the nutritional importance of seafood consumption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)375-386
Number of pages12
JournalCurrent environmental health reports
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

Fingerprint

Seafood
Shellfish
Health
Life Cycle Stages
Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
Human Activities
Polymers
Fishes
Epidemiology
Research

Keywords

  • Fish
  • Human health impacts
  • Microplastics
  • Ocean
  • Seafood
  • Toxicology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Microplastics in Seafood and the Implications for Human Health. / Smith, Madeleine; Love, David C; Rochman, Chelsea M.; Neff, Roni.

In: Current environmental health reports, Vol. 5, No. 3, 01.09.2018, p. 375-386.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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