Microperforations of surgical gloves in urology: Minimally invasive versus open surgeries

Tom Feng, Jithin Yohannan, Angela Gupta, Matthew E. Hyndman, Mohammad Allaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Surgical glove integrity is important in preventing wound infections and reducing patient mortality. Rates of perforations have been studied in many surgical subspecialties, but glove perforations specific to urology have not been investigated previously. This study aims to determine the incidence of glove perforations during urological surgeries and to investigate differences between open, laparoscopic, and endoscopic procedures. Materials and methods: A total of 180 gloves were collected from various urological procedures performed at our institution: 59 from endoscopic, 72 from laparoscopic, and 49 from open cases. The gloves were tested for defects by both the water load test and electrical conductance testing. The frequency of defects for each type of procedure along with the length of wear, surgeon experience, and glove brand was analyzed. Results: Glove defects were detected in 29% of all cases. Microperforations encompassed the majority of the glove defects (23.3%) and were detected in 15.2%, 25.0 %, and 30.6% of the endoscopy, laparoscopic and open surgical cases, respectively. The frequency of perforations noted in the minimally invasive procedures was significantly different across the groups (p > 0.01). There was no statistical significant correlation between glove defects and operation time, surgeon experience, and glove brand. Conclusions: The rates of glove perforation (29%) in urological procedures were higher than expected. Given the high rates of glove perforations found, double gloving in urological surgeries may offer a solution to the increased risk for cross contamination from microscopic perforations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5615-5618
Number of pages4
JournalCanadian Journal of Urology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2011


  • Glove perforations
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Urology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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