Microdermabrasion: a molecular analysis following a single treatment.

Darius J. Karimipour, Sewon Kang, Timothy M. Johnson, Jeffrey S. Orringer, Ted Hamilton, Craig Hammerberg, John J. Voorhees, Gary Fisher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Microdermabrasion is a popular method of superficial skin resurfacing. It is unclear if dermal remodeling actually occurs. OBJECTIVE: To rigorously investigate the molecular alterations observed following a single microdermabrasion treatment. METHODS: Forty-nine subjects received a single microdermabrasion treatment to buttock skin. Serial in vivo biochemical and immunohistological analyses were performed. Reverse transcriptase real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry assays were used to evaluate changes in transcription factors (AP-1, NF-kappaB), primary cytokines (interleukin-1beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha), matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-1, MMP-3, MMP-9), barrier repair enzymes (acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase), and type I procollagen. Results Elevation of transcription factors, primary cytokines, and matrix metalloproteinases occurs rapidly after a single microdermabrasion treatment. Two of 11 subjects also demonstrated increased type I procollagen messenger RNA and protein levels 14 days after treatment. No alteration in stratum corneum thickness was detected. CONCLUSION: Microdermabrasion activates a dermal remodeling/wound healing cascade with minimal epidermal disruption. Evidence now exists to further study manipulation of variables such as number and timing of microdermabrasion sessions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-223
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume52
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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