In order to determine whether the proteinuria observed in some renal donors was glomerular or tubular in orgin, and to determine whether creatinine clearance was an accurate index of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in subjects with reduced nephron mass, 29 donors were evaluated 9-18 years after uninephrectomy. Results were compared with those in 31 age-, sex-, and race-matched controls evaluated at the same time. Mean creatinine clearance (Ccreat) in donor was 78% that of controls, which was similar to the 85% ratio of inulin clearance (Cin) in donors compared with that of controls. Furthermore, the ratio of Ccreat/Cin was similar in both donors and controls. One third of the renal donors had an elevated albumin excretion compared with controls (microalbuminuria [12—220 mg/24 hr] in seven patients; 301 and 1084 mg/24 hr in two patients). There was no correlation between albuminuria and blood pressure, nor was there a demonstrable clinical cause for the albuminuria in most patients. In contrast to these results, excretion of beta-2 microglobulin, an index of tubular proteinuria, was normal in all but one patient. The prevalence of hypertension was higher in donors compared with the expected prevalence adjusted for age, sex, and race. These results verify that creatinine clearance is a reliable measure of GFR in long-term renal donors. They also demonstrate an increased frequency of glomerular proteinuria and hypertension in renal donors. Despite these mild abnormalities, GFR is well preserved for up to 18 years postuninephrectomy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Jan 1988|
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