Pharmacokinetic characteristics of intravascular macro-molecular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents with polyamidoamine dendrimer cores smaller than generation-7 were previously studied in the literature. To evaluate the effects of greater hepatic uptake on the pharmacokinetics of the larger generation dendrimers, the MRI contrast agents GxD-(1B4M-Gd)2x+2 were synthesized with generation-7, -8, and -9 polyamidoamine dendrimers and 2-(p-isothiocyanatobenzyl)-6-methyl-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (1B4M). Their pharmacokinetic characteristics in mice were compared with that of G6D-(1B4M-Gd)256. In biodistribution and dynamic micro-MRI studies, significantly less renal accumulation of G7D-(1B4M-Gd)512, G8D-(1B4M-Gd)1024, and G9D-(1B4M-Gd)2048 was shown compared to G6D-(1B4M-Gd)256 (P > 0.01). There was a significantly greater accumulation of G8D-(1B4M-Gd)1024 and G9D-(1B4M-Gd)2048 in the liver compared to G6D-(1B4M-Gd)256 and G7D-(1B4M-Gd)512 (P > 0.01). The highest blood retention of all dendrimer-based MRI contrast agents was exhibited by G7D(1B4M-Gd)512 (P > 0.01). The normal and intratumoral fine vessels of approximately 100 μm diameter were visualized in normal or tumor-bearing mice by high resolution three-dimension-al-micro-MR angiographs with G7D-(1B4M-Gd)512 and G8D-(1B4M-Gd)1024 with good vessel-to-soft tissue contrast. In summary, increased accumulation in the liver with concomitant decreased uptake in the kidney was caused by increased molecular sizes of the dendrimer-based MRI contrast agents.
- Contrast media
- MR angiography
- Magnetic resonance imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging