It is generally considered that MHC Class I-restricted antigens are recognized by CD8+ T cells, whereas MHC Class II-restricted antigens are recognized by CD4+ T cells. In the present study, we report an MHC class I- restricted CD4+ T cell isolated from the tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) of a patient with metastatic melanoma. TIL 1383 I recognized HLA-A2+ melanoma cell lines but not autologous transformed B cells or fibroblasts. The antigen recognized by TIL 1383 I was tyrosinase, and the epitope was the 368-376 peptide. Antibody blocking assays confirmed that TIL 1383 I was MHC class I restricted, and the CD4 and CD8 coreceptors did not contribute significantly to antigen recognition. TIL 1383 I was weakly cytolytic and secreted cytokines in a pattern consistent with it being a T(h1) cell. The avidity of TIL 1383 I for peptide pulsed targets is 10-100-fold lower than most melanoma-reactive CD8+ T cell clones. These CD4+ T cells may represent a relatively rare population of T cells that express a T-cell receptor capable of cross-reacting with an MHC class I/peptide complex with sufficient affinity to allow triggering in the absence of the CD4 coreceptor.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Dec 15 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research