Methods to identify and prioritize patientcentered outcomes for use in comparative effectiveness research

Evan Mayo-Wilson, Asieh Golozar, Terrie Cowley, Nicole Fusco, Gillian Gresham, Jennifer Haythornthwaite, Elizabeth Tolbert, Jennifer L. Payne, Lori Rosman, Susan Hutfless, Joseph K. Canner, Kay Dickersin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: We used various methods for identifying and prioritizing patient-centered outcomes (PCOs) for comparative effectiveness research (CER). Methods: We considered potential PCOs ("benefits" and "harms") related to (1) gabapentin for neuropathic pain and (2) quetiapine for bipolar depression. Part 1 (April 2014 to March 2015): we searched for PCO research and core outcome sets (COSs). We conducted electronic searches of bibliographic databases and key websites and examined FDA prescribing information and reports of clinical trials and systematic reviews. We asked patient and clinician co-investigators to identify PCOs. Part 2 (not part of our original study protocol): In 2015, we surveyed members of The TMJ Association, Ltd., a patient group associated with temporomandibular disorders (4130 invitations sent). Participants prioritized (1) the importance of six potential benefits and (2) 21 potential harms selected by the investigators in part 1, using stated preference methods. We calculated descriptive statistics. Results: In part 1, we identified a COS for pain, the Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials (IMMPACT) recommendations. The COS identified several important benefits, but it lacked specific recommendations about which potential harms to include in CER. We did not identify a COS for bipolar depression. Research reports, prescribing information, and patient co-investigators helped identify but not prioritize outcomes. We abandoned our electronic search for PCO research because we found it would be resource-intensive and yield few relevant reports. In part 2, surveying patients was useful for prioritizing PCOs. Members of The TMJ Association, Ltd., completed the survey (N = 746) and successfully prioritized both benefits and harms. Participants did not identify many benefits other than those we identified in part 1; several participants identified additional harms. Conclusions: These exploratory results could inform future research about identifying and prioritizing PCOs. We found that stakeholder co-investigators and research reports contributed to identifying PCOs; surveying a patient group contributed to prioritizing PCOs. Prioritizing potential harms was particularly challenging because there are many more potential harms than potential benefits. Methods for identifying and prioritizing potential benefits for CER might not be appropriate for harms. Further research is needed to determine the generalizability of these results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number141
JournalPilot and Feasibility Studies
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 25 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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