Methoden zur Ermittlung persönlicher Krankheitskosten am Beispiel retinaler Erkrankungen

Translated title of the contribution: Methods for estimating personal costs of disease using retinal diseases as an example

G. Porz, H. P.N. Scholl, F. G. Holz, R. P. Finger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and other retinal diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy (DRP) and hereditary retinal dystrophy can not only lead to a loss of visual function but also to a higher psychological and financial burden for the affected persons. Against this background a quantification of personal cost and vision-related quality of life was performed. Methods: A total of 66 patients (mean age 69 years, SD 13 years) with clinically confirmed diagnoses of AMD, DRP or retinal dystrophy were interviewed regarding costs for medicines, aids and equipment, support in everyday life and social benefits. Vision-related quality of life was recorded using the Impact of Vision Impairment profile (IVI). Results: The average total annual cost was 751€ per patient, out of which the largest amount was cost of support in everyday life (506€). Costs as well as dependence on other persons or social services increased with decreasing visual acuity (p=0. 013). Vision-related quality of life decreased with increasing visual disability especially in the IVI subscales mobility and independence as well as reading and accessing information (p=0. 002). Conclusions: Prevention or delay of visual disability and blindness caused by AMD or other retinal diseases and thus ensuring independence is not only relevant from a medical perspective but also from a health economic perspective. Against the background of a relative shortage of resources, costs should be reduced regardless of whether they are personal or societal costs.

Translated title of the contributionMethods for estimating personal costs of disease using retinal diseases as an example
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)216-222
Number of pages7
JournalOphthalmologe
Volume107
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Keywords

  • Age-related macular degeneration
  • Cost of illness studies
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Quality of life
  • Retinal dystrophy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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