Methods for a systematic review of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine dosing schedules

Jennifer D. Loo, Laura Conklin, Maria Deloria Knoll, Katherine E. Fleming-Dutra, Daniel E. Park, Jennifer Kirk, T. Scott Johnson, David Goldblatt, Katherine L. O'Brien, Cynthia G. Whitney

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Background: Streptococcus pneumoniae causes a considerable amount of morbidity and mortality in children <5. However, pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) can prevent much of this burden. Until recently, PCVs were mostly available only in developed countries using a variety of dosing schedules. As more lower income countries make decisions to introduce PCV into their national immunization programs, an optimal schedule with which to administer PCV has become a key policy question. Methods: We performed a systematic review of English literature published from 1994 to 2010 on the effects of PCV dosing schedules on immunogenicity, nasopharyngeal carriage, invasive pneumococcal disease and pneumonia. Data were independently double abstracted and cleaned for analysis. Descriptive analyses were performed. Results: We identified 12,980 citations from the literature search (12,976) and secondary means (44). Double review of titles and abstracts yielded 769 articles that underwent full data abstraction. Of these, 350 were further analyzed and are presented in separate reports in this supplement. Conclusions: This article presents the methods utilized in our systematic review. Because of the heterogenity of the study methods of the reports identified by this review, we did not conduct formal meta-analyses. However, these methods allow us to present a full landscape of the literature on PCV dosing schedules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S182-S187
JournalPediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
StatePublished - 2014


  • Immunization schedule
  • Methods
  • Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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