The methods used by health planners in Sweden to regionalize personal health services are presented. In the first part, the methodology used to estimate future demand is described, and special mention is made of the consumption unit index, by which health planners estimate the effect of demographic development upon demand for personal health services. The resources required to meet this demand for each regional level are also defined, as well as the methods by which that functional distribution is reached. In the second part, the methods used to determine the size of a region as well as the geographic distribution of resources is presented. These methods, which take into account the national and local demographic and socioeconomic development, consider accessibility to the regional center as the determinant variable to decide among different place alternatives for these centers. According to a cost-efficiency approach, measuring efficiency in terms of accessibility, the chosen alternative is the one which minimizes aggregate traveling times and costs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health