Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureusassociated hospitalizations among the American Indian and alaska native population

Kathy K. Byrd, Robert C. Holman, Michael G. Bruce, Thomas W. Hennessy, Jay D. Wenger, Dana L. Bruden, Dana L. Haberlino, Claudia Angelica Steiner, James E. Cheek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) have had documented outbreaks of methicillinresistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection but, to our knowledge, no studies have examined MRSA infection among this population nationally. We describe MRSA-associated hospitalizations among the ∼1.6 million AI/ANs who receive care at Indian Health Service health care facilities nationwide. Methods. We used hospital discharge data from the Indian Health Service National Patient Information Reporting System to determine the rate of MRSA-associated hospitalizations among AI/ANs who used Indian Health Service health care in 1996-2005 and in the comparison periods 1996-1998 and 2003-2005. Hospitalization rates among AI/ANs were examined by year, age group, sex, and region. MRSA-associated diagnoses were also examined. Rate comparisons were performed using Poisson regression analysis. Comparison of rates to those of the general United States population was made for 2003-2005 by means of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Results. Between comparison periods, the rate of MRSA-associated hospitalization increased from 4.6 to 50.6 hospitalizations per 100,000 AI/ANs (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1009-1015
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume49
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Methicillin Resistance
North American Indians
Staphylococcus
Staphylococcus aureus
Hospitalization
United States Indian Health Service
Population
Delivery of Health Care
Health Facilities
Infection
Information Systems
Disease Outbreaks
Alaska Natives
Inpatients
Age Groups
Regression Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

Byrd, K. K., Holman, R. C., Bruce, M. G., Hennessy, T. W., Wenger, J. D., Bruden, D. L., ... Cheek, J. E. (2009). Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureusassociated hospitalizations among the American Indian and alaska native population. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 49(7), 1009-1015. https://doi.org/10.1086/605560

Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureusassociated hospitalizations among the American Indian and alaska native population. / Byrd, Kathy K.; Holman, Robert C.; Bruce, Michael G.; Hennessy, Thomas W.; Wenger, Jay D.; Bruden, Dana L.; Haberlino, Dana L.; Steiner, Claudia Angelica; Cheek, James E.

In: Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 49, No. 7, 01.10.2009, p. 1009-1015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Byrd, KK, Holman, RC, Bruce, MG, Hennessy, TW, Wenger, JD, Bruden, DL, Haberlino, DL, Steiner, CA & Cheek, JE 2009, 'Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureusassociated hospitalizations among the American Indian and alaska native population', Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 49, no. 7, pp. 1009-1015. https://doi.org/10.1086/605560
Byrd, Kathy K. ; Holman, Robert C. ; Bruce, Michael G. ; Hennessy, Thomas W. ; Wenger, Jay D. ; Bruden, Dana L. ; Haberlino, Dana L. ; Steiner, Claudia Angelica ; Cheek, James E. / Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureusassociated hospitalizations among the American Indian and alaska native population. In: Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2009 ; Vol. 49, No. 7. pp. 1009-1015.
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