Contrary to patients with a cationic trypsinogen gene (PRSS1) mutations, Serine protease inhibitor Kazal-type 1 (SPINK1) heterozygote gene mutation carriers have a very low penetrance for acute, acute recurrent and/or chronic pancreatitis. Despite this, heterozygote SPINK 1 gene mutation patients have a similar age of onset of pancreatitis as PRSS 1 gene mutation patients. While the substantially elevated risk of pancreatic cancer in patients with PRSS1 gene mutations with chronic pancreatitis has been well established, little is known about the risk of pancreatic cancer in SPINK 1 gene mutation carriers with pancreatitis. We describe a case of malignant pancreatic cancer diagnosed in a young patient with chronic pancreatitis who is a SPINK 1 heterozygote gene mutation carrier. The risk of pancreatic cancer in gene mutation patients with chronic pancreatitis, in addition to screening options and management options for these patients is discussed.
- Chronic pancreatitis
- Pancreatic adenocarcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism