Allelotype analyses of human prostate cancer indicate that allelic losses on human chromosome arms 7q, 8p, 10q, 13q, 6q, 17q, and 18q are observed frequently. For the study of the possible biological significance of the frequently observed deletions on chromosome arm 7q in human prostate cancer, human chromosome 7 was introduced into highly metastatic rat prostate cancer cells by use of a microcell-mediated chromosome transfer technique. The introduction of human chromosome 7 resulted in the suppression of metastatic ability of the microcell hybrids, whereas no suppression of tumorigenicity was observed. To identify the portion of chromosome 7 containing the metastasis-suppressive function gene, the derivative chromosome 7 that was generated with the initial transfer was retransferred into rat prostate cancer cells. Human chromosome 7-containing rat prostate cancer cells could be used as the donor cells, because rodent cells produced a sufficient number of microcells with colchicine treatment. Cytogenetic and molecular analyses of these clones demonstrated that loss of segments on 7q was related to the reexpression of the metastatic phenotype. These results show that human 7q contains a metastasis suppressor gene or genes for rat prostate cancer. The findings also suggest that this gene may play an important role in the progression of human prostate cancer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Genes Chromosomes and Cancer|
|State||Published - Jan 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research