Metastasis-free survival is associated with overall survival in men with PSA-recurrent prostate cancer treated with deferred androgen deprivation therapy

M. T. Schweizer, X. C. Zhou, H. Wang, T. Yang, F. Shaukat, A. W. Partin, M. A. Eisenberger, E. S. Antonarakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Clinical trials in men with biochemically recurrent prostate cancer (BRPC) have been hampered by long survival times, making overall survival (OS) a difficult end point to reach. Intermediate end points are needed in order to conduct such trials within a more feasible time frame. Patients and methods: This is a retrospective analysis of 450 men with BRPC following prostatectomy treated at a single institution between 1981 and 2010, of which 140 developed subsequent metastases. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) was deferred until after the development of metastases. Cox regression models were developed to investigate factors influencing OS. Results: Median metastasis-free survival (MFS) was 10.2 years [95% confidence interval (CI) 7.6-14.0 years]; median OS after metastasis was 6.6 years (95%CI 5.8-8.4 years). Multivariable Cox regressions identified four independently prognostic variables for OS: MFS (HR 0.77; 95% CI 0.63-0.94), number of metastases (≤3 versus ≥4; HR 0.50; 95% CI 0.29-0.85), pain (absent versus present; HR 0.43; 95% CI 0.25-0.72), and bisphosphonate use (yes versus no; HR 0.60; 95% CI 0.37-0.98). Conclusions: MFS emerged as an independent predictor of OS in men with BRPC treated with deferred ADT after the development of metastases. MFS may be a reasonable intermediate end point in future clinical trials. This observation requires prospective validation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbermdt335
Pages (from-to)2881-2886
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume24
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

Keywords

  • Clinical trial end points
  • Metastasis-free survival
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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