Objectives: To assess high-bandwidth and compressed sensing-(CS)-SEMAC turbo spin echo (TSE) techniques for metal artifact reduction MRI of total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) implants. Methods: Following institutional approval and consent, 40 subjects with TAA implants underwent 1.5-T MRI prospectively. Evaluations included bone-implant interfaces, anatomical structures, abnormal findings and differential diagnoses before and after MRI. AUCs of P-P plots were used to determine superiority. Statistical differences were evaluated with McNemar and chi-square tests. P-values ≤ 0.05 were considered significant. Results: CS-SEMAC TSE was superior to high-bandwidth TSE in showing the bone-implant interfaces (AUC=0.917), periprosthetic bone, tendons and joint capsule (AUC=0.337–0.766), bone marrow oedema (43 % difference, p=0.041), interface osteolysis (63 %, p=0.015), tendinopathy (62 %, p=0.062), periprosthetic fractures (60 %, p=0.250), synovitis (43 %, p=0.250), as well as reader confidence for bone marrow oedema (p=<0.001), fracture (p=0.001), interface osteolysis (p=0.003), synovitis (p=0.027) and tendinopathy (p=0.034). The number of differential diagnoses in symptomatic subjects after the MRI with CS-SEMAC decreased from 3 (1–4) to 1 (1–2) (p<0.001). Conclusions: MRI of TAA implants with CS-SEMAC improves the diagnosis of interface osteolysis, periprosthetic bone marrow oedema, fractures and tendinopathy when compared to high-BW TSE, and has a positive effect on patient management. Key Points: • High-bandwidth TSE and compressed sensing SEMAC improve MRI of ankle arthroplasty implants. • Compressed sensing SEMAC improves bone-implant interfaces, periprosthetic bone, tendons and joint capsule visibility. • Compressed sensing SEMAC improves the diagnosis of osteolysis, tendinopathy, fractures and synovitis. • MRI decreases the number of clinical differential diagnoses of painful ankle arthroplasty implants.
- Joint prosthesis
- Magnetic resonance imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging