Metabolome profiling of the developing murine lens

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Metabolomics is a study of the entire repertoire of metabolites in a cell at a particular time point. Here, we investigate the mouse lens at multiple embryonic and postnatal time points to establish the metabolome profile during early lens development. The lenses were isolated at six time points including embryonic day 15 (E15) and E18 and postnatal day 0 (P0), P3, P6, and P9. A total of four biological replicates of each time point, each consisting of 25 mg of lens tissue were preserved. Sample preparation was performed by protein precipitation followed by centrifugation to remove proteins and recover metabolites. The resulting extract was subjected to reverse phase/ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Metabolome profiling identified a total of 353 metabolites in mouse lens, marked with an abundance of collagen, antioxidant, glycosaminoglycans, lipid, amino acid, and energy-related metabolites. A comparative metabolome analysis identified >200 metabolites exhibiting increased levels (p < 0.05) at latter time points relative to E15. Principal component analysis revealed distinct metabolomic signatures running from E15 to P9 while random forest analysis categorized lipid-, amino acid-, and nucleotide-related metabolites contributing significantly to the separation of the time points. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report investigating the mouse lens metabolome at multiple embryonic and postnatal time points.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108343
JournalExperimental eye research
StatePublished - Jan 2021


  • Developing mouse lens
  • Metabolome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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