1. TAS-103, a novel condensed quinoline derivative, has been developed as an anticancer drug targeting topoisomerases I and II. 2. The purpose of the present study was to characterize the metabolism and urinary excretion of TAS-103 after the intravenous infusion of a single dose to patients in Phase I clinical trials. 3. Five metabolites were detected using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) photodiode array and a precursor scan by liquid chromatography mass spectrometry mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). 4. Structures of the five metabolites were determined using the results of enzymatic hydrolysis and the analysis of production mass spectra obtained by LC/MS/MS, and by comparing HPLC retention times and UV, mass and production mass spectra of authentic standards. 5. The metabolites were identified as demethyl-TAS-103 glucuronide (DM-TAS-103-G), TAS-103 glucuronide (TAS-103-G), TAS-103 glucuronide N-oxide (NO-TAS-103-G), demethyl-TAS-103 (DM-TAS-103) and TAS-103 N-oxide (NO-TAS-103). 6. The mean total amount of TAS-103 and TAS-103-G in urine was only 6.03% of the dose, suggesting that urine is not the main elimination route. TAS-103 was extensively metabolized, and a small percentage of the parent drug (0.41%) was found in urine.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis