Metabolic installation of thiols into sialic acid modulates adhesion and stem cell biology

Srinivasa Gopalan Sampathkumar, Adrienne V. Li, Mark B. Jones, Zhonghui Sun, Kevin J. Yarema

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Metabolic 'oligosaccharide engineering' methods based on N-acetyl-D-mannosamine (ManNAc) analogs allow the glycocalyx of living cells to be remodeled. Herein we report the analog Ac5ManNTGc (1) that enables thiols to be expressed in surface sialic acids. By locating this versatile functional group on the outer periphery of normally nonadhesive human Jurkat cells, we obtained spontaneous cell-cell clustering and attachment to complementary maleimide-derivatized substrates. When analyzed in human embryoid body-derived (hEBD) stem cells, Ac5ManNTGc induced β-catenin expression and altered cell morphology, consistent with neuronal differentiation. Notably, these effects were modulated by the growth substrate of the cells, with a stronger response observed on a gold surface than on glass. Together, these results establish sugar analogs as small-molecule tools for tissue engineering by providing a method for attaching cells to scaffolds via their surface carbohydrates as well as offering a means to influence stem cell fates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-152
Number of pages4
JournalNature chemical biology
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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