In this work we investigated to what extent cellular metabolism and energetics regulate sporulation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and which metabolic pathways are involved in such regulation. Sporulation, meiosis, and associated metabolic fluxes in S. cerevisiae strain CH1211 were studied in several experimental protocols involving changes of carbon source (acetate, lactate, or pyruvate) or cell density in sporulation medium, or changing the phase of batch growth at which cells were harvested before transfer to sporulation medium. In acetate-based sporulation medium, the rate at which cells utilized glyoxylate and gluconeogenic pathways correlated positively with the percentage of asci per cell at 72 h. In contrast, in lactate sporulation medium the frequency of sporulation correlated negatively with both the rate of lactate consumption and the fluxes through gluconeogenesis and the pyruvate-carboxylase catalyzed step. In the presence of lactate, the respiratory capacity did correlate positively with the percentage of asci per cell. The experimental data suggest that acetate limits fluxes to anabolic precursors during sporulation. In contrast, sporulation on lactate appears to be influenced by catabolic processes or, even more precisely, by the respiratory capacity of yeast cells. The results obtained are discussed in terms of the hypothesis that an imbalance between anabolic and catabolic fluxes may be required for an efficient sporulation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology