Metabolic control of muscle mitochondrial function and fatty acid oxidation through SIRT1/PGC-1α

Zachary Gerhart-Hines, Joseph T. Rodgers, Olivia Bare, Carles Lerin, Seung Hee Kim, Raul Mostoslavsky, Frederick W. Alt, Zhidan Wu, Pere Puigserver

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    In mammals, maintenance of energy and nutrient homeostasis during food deprivation is accomplished through an increase in mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation in peripheral tissues. An important component that drives this cellular oxidative process is the transcriptional coactivator PGC-1α. Here, we show that fasting induced PGC-1α deacetylation in skeletal muscle and that SIRT1 deacetylation of PGC-1α is required for activation of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation genes. Moreover, expression of the acetyltransferase, GCN5, or the SIRT1 inhibitor, nicotinamide, induces PGC-1α acetylation and decreases expression of PGC-1α target genes in myotubes. Consistent with a switch from glucose to fatty acid oxidation that occurs in nutrient deprivation states, SIRT1 is required for induction and maintenance of fatty acid oxidation in response to low glucose concentrations. Thus, we have identified SIRT1 as a functional regulator of PGC-1α that induces a metabolic gene transcription program of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation. These results have implications for understanding selective nutrient adaptation and how it might impact lifespan or metabolic diseases such as obesity and diabetes.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1913-1923
    Number of pages11
    JournalThe EMBO journal
    Volume26
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 4 2007

    Keywords

    • Caloric restriction
    • Gene transcription
    • Lipid metabolism
    • Mitochondrial oxidation
    • Sirtuins

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Genetics
    • Cell Biology

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