Metabolic control analysis of glycolysis and branching to ethanol production in chemostat cultures of Saccharomyces cerevisiae under carbon, nitrogen, or phosphate limitations

Sonia Cortassa, Miguel A. Aon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Metabolic Control Analysis was applied to calculate the rate-controlling steps of the glycolytic flux of Saccharomyces cerevisiae growing aerobically in chemostat cultures subjected to carbon, nitrogen, or phosphate limitations. The control over the flux ratio at the branch point to ethanol formation and the tricarboxylic acid cycle as well as metabolite concentration control coefficients were determined. Two sorts of models were analyzed, essentially differing in the glucose uptake step which was considered either ATP-and extracellular glucose-dependent (model I) or glucose 6-phosphate-dependent (model II). Kinetic parameters were optimized according to the experimentally determined metabolite concentrations. In both models, glucose uptake was the main rate-controlling step of the glycolytic flux. In model I the control coefficient of the uptake varied between 1.01 and 1.043. The control was shared by ATP-consuming and -producing processes (CJATPase = -0.0089 to -0.0306; CJADH = -0.0069 to - 0.0144; CJTCA = 0.0044 to 0.0144). Meanwhile, in model II the flux was almost exclusively controlled by the uptake (CJIN = 0.99). Independently of the nutrient limitation, growth rate, and type of glucose breakdown metabolism, the rate-controlling steps were the same and only quantitative differences were noted. All metabolite concentrations were controlled by the same rate-controlling steps of the flux and, additionally, by the reaction steps catalyzing the metabolite consumption. The results presented point to the significant role of sugar uptake in yeast catabolism and the usefulness of control analysis to understand metabolic flux redirection as applied to biotransformation processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)761-770
Number of pages10
JournalEnzyme and Microbial Technology
Volume16
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1994

Keywords

  • Metabolic control
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • chemostat cultures
  • glycolysis
  • sugar uptake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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