Meta-analysis of the reliability and validity of the Anticipated Turnover Scale across studies of registered nurses in the United States

Kathleen M. Barlow, George Zangaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Globally, there are serious human and financial costs associated with registered nurse (RN) turnover. Anticipating turnover before turnover occurs is important to prevent costly and unnecessary turnover. Using a reliable and valid measure of anticipated turnover is essential to credible healthcare research on which nursing policy decisions are based. This meta-analysis provides a systematic way to determine the legitimacy of the use of the Anticipated Turnover Scale (ATS) in RN workforce research. Aims The aims of this meta-analysis were to determine the consistency of reliability estimates and evidence of construct validity of ATS scores across studies of RNs in the US. A secondary purpose was to evaluate variability in reliability and validity according to study quality, century within which studies were conducted and whether studies were published or unpublished. Methods Search strategies included accessing computerized databases, emailing researchers, consulting experts, footnote-chasing and accessing unpublished reports. Two independent reviewers examined studies according to inclusion criteria and quality. Consensus was reached on selected studies and quality ratings. Results Overall mean weighted effect size (MWES) of reliability from 12 studies was 0.89. Overall MWES of validity correlating the ATS and four job satisfaction measures for seven studies was -0.53. There was variability in reliability according to quality of studies. Conclusion The ATS demonstrated excellent reliability and construct validity across studies of RNs in the US.Implications for nursing management Nursing management should consider the ATS in research on prevention of RN turnover.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)862-873
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Nursing Management
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Reproducibility of Results
Meta-Analysis
Nursing
Nurses
Illegitimacy
Job Satisfaction
Health Services Research
Research
Consensus
Research Personnel
Databases
Costs and Cost Analysis

Keywords

  • Anticipated turnover
  • Anticipated Turnover Scale
  • Nurse turnover
  • Registered nurse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management

Cite this

Meta-analysis of the reliability and validity of the Anticipated Turnover Scale across studies of registered nurses in the United States. / Barlow, Kathleen M.; Zangaro, George.

In: Journal of Nursing Management, Vol. 18, No. 7, 10.2010, p. 862-873.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{98fc31e1178e46dcae42e813317d8e2d,
title = "Meta-analysis of the reliability and validity of the Anticipated Turnover Scale across studies of registered nurses in the United States",
abstract = "Background Globally, there are serious human and financial costs associated with registered nurse (RN) turnover. Anticipating turnover before turnover occurs is important to prevent costly and unnecessary turnover. Using a reliable and valid measure of anticipated turnover is essential to credible healthcare research on which nursing policy decisions are based. This meta-analysis provides a systematic way to determine the legitimacy of the use of the Anticipated Turnover Scale (ATS) in RN workforce research. Aims The aims of this meta-analysis were to determine the consistency of reliability estimates and evidence of construct validity of ATS scores across studies of RNs in the US. A secondary purpose was to evaluate variability in reliability and validity according to study quality, century within which studies were conducted and whether studies were published or unpublished. Methods Search strategies included accessing computerized databases, emailing researchers, consulting experts, footnote-chasing and accessing unpublished reports. Two independent reviewers examined studies according to inclusion criteria and quality. Consensus was reached on selected studies and quality ratings. Results Overall mean weighted effect size (MWES) of reliability from 12 studies was 0.89. Overall MWES of validity correlating the ATS and four job satisfaction measures for seven studies was -0.53. There was variability in reliability according to quality of studies. Conclusion The ATS demonstrated excellent reliability and construct validity across studies of RNs in the US.Implications for nursing management Nursing management should consider the ATS in research on prevention of RN turnover.",
keywords = "Anticipated turnover, Anticipated Turnover Scale, Nurse turnover, Registered nurse",
author = "Barlow, {Kathleen M.} and George Zangaro",
year = "2010",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1111/j.1365-2834.2010.01171.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "862--873",
journal = "Journal of Nursing Management",
issn = "0966-0429",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Meta-analysis of the reliability and validity of the Anticipated Turnover Scale across studies of registered nurses in the United States

AU - Barlow, Kathleen M.

AU - Zangaro, George

PY - 2010/10

Y1 - 2010/10

N2 - Background Globally, there are serious human and financial costs associated with registered nurse (RN) turnover. Anticipating turnover before turnover occurs is important to prevent costly and unnecessary turnover. Using a reliable and valid measure of anticipated turnover is essential to credible healthcare research on which nursing policy decisions are based. This meta-analysis provides a systematic way to determine the legitimacy of the use of the Anticipated Turnover Scale (ATS) in RN workforce research. Aims The aims of this meta-analysis were to determine the consistency of reliability estimates and evidence of construct validity of ATS scores across studies of RNs in the US. A secondary purpose was to evaluate variability in reliability and validity according to study quality, century within which studies were conducted and whether studies were published or unpublished. Methods Search strategies included accessing computerized databases, emailing researchers, consulting experts, footnote-chasing and accessing unpublished reports. Two independent reviewers examined studies according to inclusion criteria and quality. Consensus was reached on selected studies and quality ratings. Results Overall mean weighted effect size (MWES) of reliability from 12 studies was 0.89. Overall MWES of validity correlating the ATS and four job satisfaction measures for seven studies was -0.53. There was variability in reliability according to quality of studies. Conclusion The ATS demonstrated excellent reliability and construct validity across studies of RNs in the US.Implications for nursing management Nursing management should consider the ATS in research on prevention of RN turnover.

AB - Background Globally, there are serious human and financial costs associated with registered nurse (RN) turnover. Anticipating turnover before turnover occurs is important to prevent costly and unnecessary turnover. Using a reliable and valid measure of anticipated turnover is essential to credible healthcare research on which nursing policy decisions are based. This meta-analysis provides a systematic way to determine the legitimacy of the use of the Anticipated Turnover Scale (ATS) in RN workforce research. Aims The aims of this meta-analysis were to determine the consistency of reliability estimates and evidence of construct validity of ATS scores across studies of RNs in the US. A secondary purpose was to evaluate variability in reliability and validity according to study quality, century within which studies were conducted and whether studies were published or unpublished. Methods Search strategies included accessing computerized databases, emailing researchers, consulting experts, footnote-chasing and accessing unpublished reports. Two independent reviewers examined studies according to inclusion criteria and quality. Consensus was reached on selected studies and quality ratings. Results Overall mean weighted effect size (MWES) of reliability from 12 studies was 0.89. Overall MWES of validity correlating the ATS and four job satisfaction measures for seven studies was -0.53. There was variability in reliability according to quality of studies. Conclusion The ATS demonstrated excellent reliability and construct validity across studies of RNs in the US.Implications for nursing management Nursing management should consider the ATS in research on prevention of RN turnover.

KW - Anticipated turnover

KW - Anticipated Turnover Scale

KW - Nurse turnover

KW - Registered nurse

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77958500033&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77958500033&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2010.01171.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2010.01171.x

M3 - Article

C2 - 20946222

AN - SCOPUS:77958500033

VL - 18

SP - 862

EP - 873

JO - Journal of Nursing Management

JF - Journal of Nursing Management

SN - 0966-0429

IS - 7

ER -