Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of HDL cholesterol response to statins

Iris Postmus, Helen R. Warren, Stella Trompet, Benoit J. Arsenault, Christy L. Avery, Joshua C. Bis, Daniel I. Chasman, Catherine E. de Keyser, Harshal A. Deshmukh, Daniel S. Evans, Qi Ping Feng, Xiaohui Li, Roelof A J Smit, Albert V. Smith, Fangui Sun, Kent D. Taylor, Alice M. Arnold, Michael R. Barnes, Bryan J. Barratt, John Betteridge & 68 others S. Matthijs Boekholdt, Eric Boerwinkle, Brendan M. Buckley, Y. D Ida Chen, Anton J M de Craen, Steven R. Cummings, Joshua C. Denny, Marie Pierre Dubé, Paul N. Durrington, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Ian Ford, Xiuqing Guo, Tamara B. Harris, Susan R. Heckbert, Albert Hofman, G. Kees Hovingh, John J P Kastelein, Leonore J. Launer, Ching Ti Liu, Yongmei Liu, Paul M. McKeigue, Thomas Lumley, Patricia B. Munroe, Andrew Neil, Deborah A. Nickerson, Fredrik Nyberg, Eoin O'Brien, Christopher J. O'Donnell, Wendy S Post, Neil Poulter, Ramachandran S. Vasan, Kenneth Rice, Stephen S. Rich, Fernando Rivadeneira, Naveed Sattar, Peter Sever, Sue Shaw-Hawkins, Denis C. Shields, P. Eline Slagboom, Nicholas L. Smith, Joshua D. Smith, Nona Sotoodehnia, Alice Stanton, David J. Stott, Bruno H. Stricker, Til Stürmer, André G. Uitterlinden, Wei Qi Wei, Rudi G J Westendorp, Eric A. Whitsel, Kerri L. Wiggins, Russell A. Wilke, Christie M. Ballantyne, Helen M. Colhoun, L. Adrienne Cupples, Oscar H. Franco, Vilmundur Gudnason, Graham Hitman, Colin N A Palmer, Bruce M. Psaty, Paul M. Ridker, Jeanette M. Stafford, Charles M. Stein, Jean Claude Tardif, Mark J. Caulfield, J. Wouter Jukema, Jerome I. Rotter, Ronald M. Krauss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background In addition to lowering low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), statin therapy also raises high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. Interindividual variation in HDL-C response to statins may be partially explained by genetic variation. Methods and results We performed a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) to identify variants with an effect on statin-induced high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) changes. The 123 most promising signals with p<1×10-4 from the 16 769 statin-treated participants in the first analysis stage were followed up in an independent group of 10 951 statintreated individuals, providing a total sample size of 27 720 individuals. The only associations of genomewide significance (p<5×10-8) were between minor alleles at the CETP locus and greater HDL-C response to statin treatment. Conclusions Based on results from this study that included a relatively large sample size, we suggest that CETP may be the only detectable locus with common genetic variants that influence HDL-C response to statins substantially in individuals of European descent. Although CETP is known to be associated with HDL-C, we provide evidence that this pharmacogenetic effect is independent of its association with baseline HDL-C levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Medical Genetics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Sep 1 2016

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Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Genome-Wide Association Study
HDL Cholesterol
Meta-Analysis
Sample Size
Pharmacogenetics
LDL Cholesterol
Alleles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

Postmus, I., Warren, H. R., Trompet, S., Arsenault, B. J., Avery, C. L., Bis, J. C., ... Krauss, R. M. (Accepted/In press). Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of HDL cholesterol response to statins. Journal of Medical Genetics. https://doi.org/10.1136/jmedgenet-2016-103966

Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of HDL cholesterol response to statins. / Postmus, Iris; Warren, Helen R.; Trompet, Stella; Arsenault, Benoit J.; Avery, Christy L.; Bis, Joshua C.; Chasman, Daniel I.; de Keyser, Catherine E.; Deshmukh, Harshal A.; Evans, Daniel S.; Feng, Qi Ping; Li, Xiaohui; Smit, Roelof A J; Smith, Albert V.; Sun, Fangui; Taylor, Kent D.; Arnold, Alice M.; Barnes, Michael R.; Barratt, Bryan J.; Betteridge, John; Boekholdt, S. Matthijs; Boerwinkle, Eric; Buckley, Brendan M.; Chen, Y. D Ida; de Craen, Anton J M; Cummings, Steven R.; Denny, Joshua C.; Dubé, Marie Pierre; Durrington, Paul N.; Eiriksdottir, Gudny; Ford, Ian; Guo, Xiuqing; Harris, Tamara B.; Heckbert, Susan R.; Hofman, Albert; Hovingh, G. Kees; Kastelein, John J P; Launer, Leonore J.; Liu, Ching Ti; Liu, Yongmei; McKeigue, Paul M.; Lumley, Thomas; Munroe, Patricia B.; Neil, Andrew; Nickerson, Deborah A.; Nyberg, Fredrik; O'Brien, Eoin; O'Donnell, Christopher J.; Post, Wendy S; Poulter, Neil; Vasan, Ramachandran S.; Rice, Kenneth; Rich, Stephen S.; Rivadeneira, Fernando; Sattar, Naveed; Sever, Peter; Shaw-Hawkins, Sue; Shields, Denis C.; Slagboom, P. Eline; Smith, Nicholas L.; Smith, Joshua D.; Sotoodehnia, Nona; Stanton, Alice; Stott, David J.; Stricker, Bruno H.; Stürmer, Til; Uitterlinden, André G.; Wei, Wei Qi; Westendorp, Rudi G J; Whitsel, Eric A.; Wiggins, Kerri L.; Wilke, Russell A.; Ballantyne, Christie M.; Colhoun, Helen M.; Cupples, L. Adrienne; Franco, Oscar H.; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Hitman, Graham; Palmer, Colin N A; Psaty, Bruce M.; Ridker, Paul M.; Stafford, Jeanette M.; Stein, Charles M.; Tardif, Jean Claude; Caulfield, Mark J.; Jukema, J. Wouter; Rotter, Jerome I.; Krauss, Ronald M.

In: Journal of Medical Genetics, 01.09.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Postmus, I, Warren, HR, Trompet, S, Arsenault, BJ, Avery, CL, Bis, JC, Chasman, DI, de Keyser, CE, Deshmukh, HA, Evans, DS, Feng, QP, Li, X, Smit, RAJ, Smith, AV, Sun, F, Taylor, KD, Arnold, AM, Barnes, MR, Barratt, BJ, Betteridge, J, Boekholdt, SM, Boerwinkle, E, Buckley, BM, Chen, YDI, de Craen, AJM, Cummings, SR, Denny, JC, Dubé, MP, Durrington, PN, Eiriksdottir, G, Ford, I, Guo, X, Harris, TB, Heckbert, SR, Hofman, A, Hovingh, GK, Kastelein, JJP, Launer, LJ, Liu, CT, Liu, Y, McKeigue, PM, Lumley, T, Munroe, PB, Neil, A, Nickerson, DA, Nyberg, F, O'Brien, E, O'Donnell, CJ, Post, WS, Poulter, N, Vasan, RS, Rice, K, Rich, SS, Rivadeneira, F, Sattar, N, Sever, P, Shaw-Hawkins, S, Shields, DC, Slagboom, PE, Smith, NL, Smith, JD, Sotoodehnia, N, Stanton, A, Stott, DJ, Stricker, BH, Stürmer, T, Uitterlinden, AG, Wei, WQ, Westendorp, RGJ, Whitsel, EA, Wiggins, KL, Wilke, RA, Ballantyne, CM, Colhoun, HM, Cupples, LA, Franco, OH, Gudnason, V, Hitman, G, Palmer, CNA, Psaty, BM, Ridker, PM, Stafford, JM, Stein, CM, Tardif, JC, Caulfield, MJ, Jukema, JW, Rotter, JI & Krauss, RM 2016, 'Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of HDL cholesterol response to statins', Journal of Medical Genetics. https://doi.org/10.1136/jmedgenet-2016-103966
Postmus, Iris ; Warren, Helen R. ; Trompet, Stella ; Arsenault, Benoit J. ; Avery, Christy L. ; Bis, Joshua C. ; Chasman, Daniel I. ; de Keyser, Catherine E. ; Deshmukh, Harshal A. ; Evans, Daniel S. ; Feng, Qi Ping ; Li, Xiaohui ; Smit, Roelof A J ; Smith, Albert V. ; Sun, Fangui ; Taylor, Kent D. ; Arnold, Alice M. ; Barnes, Michael R. ; Barratt, Bryan J. ; Betteridge, John ; Boekholdt, S. Matthijs ; Boerwinkle, Eric ; Buckley, Brendan M. ; Chen, Y. D Ida ; de Craen, Anton J M ; Cummings, Steven R. ; Denny, Joshua C. ; Dubé, Marie Pierre ; Durrington, Paul N. ; Eiriksdottir, Gudny ; Ford, Ian ; Guo, Xiuqing ; Harris, Tamara B. ; Heckbert, Susan R. ; Hofman, Albert ; Hovingh, G. Kees ; Kastelein, John J P ; Launer, Leonore J. ; Liu, Ching Ti ; Liu, Yongmei ; McKeigue, Paul M. ; Lumley, Thomas ; Munroe, Patricia B. ; Neil, Andrew ; Nickerson, Deborah A. ; Nyberg, Fredrik ; O'Brien, Eoin ; O'Donnell, Christopher J. ; Post, Wendy S ; Poulter, Neil ; Vasan, Ramachandran S. ; Rice, Kenneth ; Rich, Stephen S. ; Rivadeneira, Fernando ; Sattar, Naveed ; Sever, Peter ; Shaw-Hawkins, Sue ; Shields, Denis C. ; Slagboom, P. Eline ; Smith, Nicholas L. ; Smith, Joshua D. ; Sotoodehnia, Nona ; Stanton, Alice ; Stott, David J. ; Stricker, Bruno H. ; Stürmer, Til ; Uitterlinden, André G. ; Wei, Wei Qi ; Westendorp, Rudi G J ; Whitsel, Eric A. ; Wiggins, Kerri L. ; Wilke, Russell A. ; Ballantyne, Christie M. ; Colhoun, Helen M. ; Cupples, L. Adrienne ; Franco, Oscar H. ; Gudnason, Vilmundur ; Hitman, Graham ; Palmer, Colin N A ; Psaty, Bruce M. ; Ridker, Paul M. ; Stafford, Jeanette M. ; Stein, Charles M. ; Tardif, Jean Claude ; Caulfield, Mark J. ; Jukema, J. Wouter ; Rotter, Jerome I. ; Krauss, Ronald M. / Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of HDL cholesterol response to statins. In: Journal of Medical Genetics. 2016.
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title = "Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of HDL cholesterol response to statins",
abstract = "Background In addition to lowering low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), statin therapy also raises high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. Interindividual variation in HDL-C response to statins may be partially explained by genetic variation. Methods and results We performed a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) to identify variants with an effect on statin-induced high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) changes. The 123 most promising signals with p<1×10-4 from the 16 769 statin-treated participants in the first analysis stage were followed up in an independent group of 10 951 statintreated individuals, providing a total sample size of 27 720 individuals. The only associations of genomewide significance (p<5×10-8) were between minor alleles at the CETP locus and greater HDL-C response to statin treatment. Conclusions Based on results from this study that included a relatively large sample size, we suggest that CETP may be the only detectable locus with common genetic variants that influence HDL-C response to statins substantially in individuals of European descent. Although CETP is known to be associated with HDL-C, we provide evidence that this pharmacogenetic effect is independent of its association with baseline HDL-C levels.",
author = "Iris Postmus and Warren, {Helen R.} and Stella Trompet and Arsenault, {Benoit J.} and Avery, {Christy L.} and Bis, {Joshua C.} and Chasman, {Daniel I.} and {de Keyser}, {Catherine E.} and Deshmukh, {Harshal A.} and Evans, {Daniel S.} and Feng, {Qi Ping} and Xiaohui Li and Smit, {Roelof A J} and Smith, {Albert V.} and Fangui Sun and Taylor, {Kent D.} and Arnold, {Alice M.} and Barnes, {Michael R.} and Barratt, {Bryan J.} and John Betteridge and Boekholdt, {S. Matthijs} and Eric Boerwinkle and Buckley, {Brendan M.} and Chen, {Y. D Ida} and {de Craen}, {Anton J M} and Cummings, {Steven R.} and Denny, {Joshua C.} and Dub{\'e}, {Marie Pierre} and Durrington, {Paul N.} and Gudny Eiriksdottir and Ian Ford and Xiuqing Guo and Harris, {Tamara B.} and Heckbert, {Susan R.} and Albert Hofman and Hovingh, {G. Kees} and Kastelein, {John J P} and Launer, {Leonore J.} and Liu, {Ching Ti} and Yongmei Liu and McKeigue, {Paul M.} and Thomas Lumley and Munroe, {Patricia B.} and Andrew Neil and Nickerson, {Deborah A.} and Fredrik Nyberg and Eoin O'Brien and O'Donnell, {Christopher J.} and Post, {Wendy S} and Neil Poulter and Vasan, {Ramachandran S.} and Kenneth Rice and Rich, {Stephen S.} and Fernando Rivadeneira and Naveed Sattar and Peter Sever and Sue Shaw-Hawkins and Shields, {Denis C.} and Slagboom, {P. Eline} and Smith, {Nicholas L.} and Smith, {Joshua D.} and Nona Sotoodehnia and Alice Stanton and Stott, {David J.} and Stricker, {Bruno H.} and Til St{\"u}rmer and Uitterlinden, {Andr{\'e} G.} and Wei, {Wei Qi} and Westendorp, {Rudi G J} and Whitsel, {Eric A.} and Wiggins, {Kerri L.} and Wilke, {Russell A.} and Ballantyne, {Christie M.} and Colhoun, {Helen M.} and Cupples, {L. Adrienne} and Franco, {Oscar H.} and Vilmundur Gudnason and Graham Hitman and Palmer, {Colin N A} and Psaty, {Bruce M.} and Ridker, {Paul M.} and Stafford, {Jeanette M.} and Stein, {Charles M.} and Tardif, {Jean Claude} and Caulfield, {Mark J.} and Jukema, {J. Wouter} and Rotter, {Jerome I.} and Krauss, {Ronald M.}",
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month = "9",
day = "1",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of HDL cholesterol response to statins

AU - Postmus, Iris

AU - Warren, Helen R.

AU - Trompet, Stella

AU - Arsenault, Benoit J.

AU - Avery, Christy L.

AU - Bis, Joshua C.

AU - Chasman, Daniel I.

AU - de Keyser, Catherine E.

AU - Deshmukh, Harshal A.

AU - Evans, Daniel S.

AU - Feng, Qi Ping

AU - Li, Xiaohui

AU - Smit, Roelof A J

AU - Smith, Albert V.

AU - Sun, Fangui

AU - Taylor, Kent D.

AU - Arnold, Alice M.

AU - Barnes, Michael R.

AU - Barratt, Bryan J.

AU - Betteridge, John

AU - Boekholdt, S. Matthijs

AU - Boerwinkle, Eric

AU - Buckley, Brendan M.

AU - Chen, Y. D Ida

AU - de Craen, Anton J M

AU - Cummings, Steven R.

AU - Denny, Joshua C.

AU - Dubé, Marie Pierre

AU - Durrington, Paul N.

AU - Eiriksdottir, Gudny

AU - Ford, Ian

AU - Guo, Xiuqing

AU - Harris, Tamara B.

AU - Heckbert, Susan R.

AU - Hofman, Albert

AU - Hovingh, G. Kees

AU - Kastelein, John J P

AU - Launer, Leonore J.

AU - Liu, Ching Ti

AU - Liu, Yongmei

AU - McKeigue, Paul M.

AU - Lumley, Thomas

AU - Munroe, Patricia B.

AU - Neil, Andrew

AU - Nickerson, Deborah A.

AU - Nyberg, Fredrik

AU - O'Brien, Eoin

AU - O'Donnell, Christopher J.

AU - Post, Wendy S

AU - Poulter, Neil

AU - Vasan, Ramachandran S.

AU - Rice, Kenneth

AU - Rich, Stephen S.

AU - Rivadeneira, Fernando

AU - Sattar, Naveed

AU - Sever, Peter

AU - Shaw-Hawkins, Sue

AU - Shields, Denis C.

AU - Slagboom, P. Eline

AU - Smith, Nicholas L.

AU - Smith, Joshua D.

AU - Sotoodehnia, Nona

AU - Stanton, Alice

AU - Stott, David J.

AU - Stricker, Bruno H.

AU - Stürmer, Til

AU - Uitterlinden, André G.

AU - Wei, Wei Qi

AU - Westendorp, Rudi G J

AU - Whitsel, Eric A.

AU - Wiggins, Kerri L.

AU - Wilke, Russell A.

AU - Ballantyne, Christie M.

AU - Colhoun, Helen M.

AU - Cupples, L. Adrienne

AU - Franco, Oscar H.

AU - Gudnason, Vilmundur

AU - Hitman, Graham

AU - Palmer, Colin N A

AU - Psaty, Bruce M.

AU - Ridker, Paul M.

AU - Stafford, Jeanette M.

AU - Stein, Charles M.

AU - Tardif, Jean Claude

AU - Caulfield, Mark J.

AU - Jukema, J. Wouter

AU - Rotter, Jerome I.

AU - Krauss, Ronald M.

PY - 2016/9/1

Y1 - 2016/9/1

N2 - Background In addition to lowering low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), statin therapy also raises high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. Interindividual variation in HDL-C response to statins may be partially explained by genetic variation. Methods and results We performed a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) to identify variants with an effect on statin-induced high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) changes. The 123 most promising signals with p<1×10-4 from the 16 769 statin-treated participants in the first analysis stage were followed up in an independent group of 10 951 statintreated individuals, providing a total sample size of 27 720 individuals. The only associations of genomewide significance (p<5×10-8) were between minor alleles at the CETP locus and greater HDL-C response to statin treatment. Conclusions Based on results from this study that included a relatively large sample size, we suggest that CETP may be the only detectable locus with common genetic variants that influence HDL-C response to statins substantially in individuals of European descent. Although CETP is known to be associated with HDL-C, we provide evidence that this pharmacogenetic effect is independent of its association with baseline HDL-C levels.

AB - Background In addition to lowering low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), statin therapy also raises high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. Interindividual variation in HDL-C response to statins may be partially explained by genetic variation. Methods and results We performed a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) to identify variants with an effect on statin-induced high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) changes. The 123 most promising signals with p<1×10-4 from the 16 769 statin-treated participants in the first analysis stage were followed up in an independent group of 10 951 statintreated individuals, providing a total sample size of 27 720 individuals. The only associations of genomewide significance (p<5×10-8) were between minor alleles at the CETP locus and greater HDL-C response to statin treatment. Conclusions Based on results from this study that included a relatively large sample size, we suggest that CETP may be the only detectable locus with common genetic variants that influence HDL-C response to statins substantially in individuals of European descent. Although CETP is known to be associated with HDL-C, we provide evidence that this pharmacogenetic effect is independent of its association with baseline HDL-C levels.

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U2 - 10.1136/jmedgenet-2016-103966

DO - 10.1136/jmedgenet-2016-103966

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Medical Genetics

JF - Journal of Medical Genetics

SN - 0022-2593

ER -