Mesothelin expression in advanced gastroesophageal cancer represents a novel target for immunotherapy

Peter B. Illei, Christine Alewine, Marianna Zahurak, Morgan L. Cowan, Elizabeth Montgomery, Raffit Hassan, Laiman Xiang, Ira Pastan, Ronan J. Kelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The identification of new therapeutic targets is of profound importance if we are to improve outcomes in gastroesophageal cancer. This study assessed the rate of mesothelin expression in tumors of western patients with upper gastrointestinal tract carcinomas. In addition, the AGS gastric cancer cell line was tested for sensitivity to SS1(dsFv)PE38, a mesothelin-targeting immunotoxin. Previously constructed tissue microarrays containing samples from 127 patients with gastroesophageal adenocarcinomas were examined by immunohistochemistry (IHC) for mesothelin expression. Labeling for HER2-neu, E-cadherin, and c-met were also assessed. Tumors were considered positive for mesothelin if at least moderate cytoplasmic/membranous or luminal staining was present in minimum 10% of the neoplastic cells. The AGS gastric cancer cell line was assessed for surface mesothelin expression by flow cytometry and the viability of cells treated with SS1P was measured. Gastroesophageal cancers were mesothelin positive in 64 of 127 tumors [50.4%; 95% confidence interval (CI), 41.4%-59.4%], whereas only 9 carcinomas (7.1%; 95% CI, 3.3%-13.0%) were HER2-neu IHC 3+ positive and 8 (6.6%; 95% CI, 2.9%-12.5%) were c-met positive. Mesothelin expression increased from stage I to stage IV tumors (37.5% to 56.3%, respectively, P=0.10). The AGS gastric cancer cell line was sensitive to the immunotoxin with an EC50 value in the low picomolar range (0.4 ng/mL). A gastric cancer cell line derived from a western patient was exquisitely sensitive to the mesothelin-targeted immunotoxin SS1P. Clinical trials involving novel mesothelin targeted immunotherapeutics in gastroesophageal cancer are currently in development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-252
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Immunohistochemistry and Molecular Morphology
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Carcinoma
  • Expression
  • Gastric
  • Gastroesophageal
  • Immunotherapy mesothelin
  • Target

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Medical Laboratory Technology

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