Mental, physical, and behavioral outcomes associated with perceived work stress in police officers

Robyn R M Gershon, Briana Barocas, Allison N. Canton, Li Xianbin Li, David Vlahov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study estimates the effects of perceived work stress in police officers and determines the impact of coping on both perceived work stress and health. Officers from a large, urban police department (N = 1,072) completed detailed questionnaires. Exposure to critical incidents, workplace discrimination, lack of cooperation among coworkers, and job dissatisfaction correlated significantly with perceived work stress. Work stress was significantly associated with adverse outcomes, including depression and intimate partner abuse. Officers who relied on negative or avoidant coping mechanisms reported both higher levels of perceived work stress and adverse health outcomes. Results have implications for improving stress-reducing efforts among police officers. Interventions that address modifiable stressors and promote effective coping and resiliency will probably be most beneficial in minimizing police stress and associated outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-289
Number of pages15
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Police
police officer
coping
police
co-worker
Health
health
Workplace
incident
discrimination
abuse
workplace
questionnaire
lack

Keywords

  • Coping
  • Law enforcement
  • Police stress
  • Stress
  • Work stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychology(all)
  • Law

Cite this

Mental, physical, and behavioral outcomes associated with perceived work stress in police officers. / Gershon, Robyn R M; Barocas, Briana; Canton, Allison N.; Xianbin Li, Li; Vlahov, David.

In: Criminal Justice and Behavior, Vol. 36, No. 3, 03.2009, p. 275-289.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gershon, Robyn R M ; Barocas, Briana ; Canton, Allison N. ; Xianbin Li, Li ; Vlahov, David. / Mental, physical, and behavioral outcomes associated with perceived work stress in police officers. In: Criminal Justice and Behavior. 2009 ; Vol. 36, No. 3. pp. 275-289.
@article{ca794d93dcda4cfab75cb128e94f12ba,
title = "Mental, physical, and behavioral outcomes associated with perceived work stress in police officers",
abstract = "This study estimates the effects of perceived work stress in police officers and determines the impact of coping on both perceived work stress and health. Officers from a large, urban police department (N = 1,072) completed detailed questionnaires. Exposure to critical incidents, workplace discrimination, lack of cooperation among coworkers, and job dissatisfaction correlated significantly with perceived work stress. Work stress was significantly associated with adverse outcomes, including depression and intimate partner abuse. Officers who relied on negative or avoidant coping mechanisms reported both higher levels of perceived work stress and adverse health outcomes. Results have implications for improving stress-reducing efforts among police officers. Interventions that address modifiable stressors and promote effective coping and resiliency will probably be most beneficial in minimizing police stress and associated outcomes.",
keywords = "Coping, Law enforcement, Police stress, Stress, Work stress",
author = "Gershon, {Robyn R M} and Briana Barocas and Canton, {Allison N.} and {Xianbin Li}, Li and David Vlahov",
year = "2009",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1177/0093854808330015",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "36",
pages = "275--289",
journal = "Criminal Justice and Behavior",
issn = "0093-8548",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mental, physical, and behavioral outcomes associated with perceived work stress in police officers

AU - Gershon, Robyn R M

AU - Barocas, Briana

AU - Canton, Allison N.

AU - Xianbin Li, Li

AU - Vlahov, David

PY - 2009/3

Y1 - 2009/3

N2 - This study estimates the effects of perceived work stress in police officers and determines the impact of coping on both perceived work stress and health. Officers from a large, urban police department (N = 1,072) completed detailed questionnaires. Exposure to critical incidents, workplace discrimination, lack of cooperation among coworkers, and job dissatisfaction correlated significantly with perceived work stress. Work stress was significantly associated with adverse outcomes, including depression and intimate partner abuse. Officers who relied on negative or avoidant coping mechanisms reported both higher levels of perceived work stress and adverse health outcomes. Results have implications for improving stress-reducing efforts among police officers. Interventions that address modifiable stressors and promote effective coping and resiliency will probably be most beneficial in minimizing police stress and associated outcomes.

AB - This study estimates the effects of perceived work stress in police officers and determines the impact of coping on both perceived work stress and health. Officers from a large, urban police department (N = 1,072) completed detailed questionnaires. Exposure to critical incidents, workplace discrimination, lack of cooperation among coworkers, and job dissatisfaction correlated significantly with perceived work stress. Work stress was significantly associated with adverse outcomes, including depression and intimate partner abuse. Officers who relied on negative or avoidant coping mechanisms reported both higher levels of perceived work stress and adverse health outcomes. Results have implications for improving stress-reducing efforts among police officers. Interventions that address modifiable stressors and promote effective coping and resiliency will probably be most beneficial in minimizing police stress and associated outcomes.

KW - Coping

KW - Law enforcement

KW - Police stress

KW - Stress

KW - Work stress

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=59549104167&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=59549104167&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0093854808330015

DO - 10.1177/0093854808330015

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 275

EP - 289

JO - Criminal Justice and Behavior

JF - Criminal Justice and Behavior

SN - 0093-8548

IS - 3

ER -