Mental health interventions in schools in low-income and middle-income countries

Mina Fazel, Vikram Patel, Saji Thomas, Wietse Tol

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Increasing enrolment rates could place schools in a crucial position to support mental health in low-income and middle-income countries. In this Review, we provide evidence for mental health interventions in schools in accordance with a public mental health approach spanning promotion, prevention, and treatment. We identified a systematic review for mental health promotion, and identified further prevention and treatment studies. Present evidence supports schools as places for promotion of positive aspects of mental health using a whole-school approach. Knowledge of effectiveness of prevention and treatment interventions is more widely available for conflict-affected children and adolescents. More evidence is needed to identify the many elements likely to be associated with effective prevention and treatment for children exposed to a range of adversity and types of mental disorders. Dissemination and implementation science is crucial to establish how proven effective interventions could be scaled up and implemented in schools.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)388-398
Number of pages11
JournalThe Lancet Psychiatry
Volume1
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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