Mental Disorders Across the Life Span and the Role of Executive Function Networks

Michelle C. Carlson, Dana Eldreth, Yi Fang Chuang, William W. Eaton

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter considers the relationship of disorders to brain function. It begins by defining executive functions and their importance to prosocial behavior and independent functioning. It then describes how these functions develop concomitantly with prefrontal brain growth through childhood and adolescence and decline in late life. Next it reviews specific mental disorders that arise during these developmental windows and the executive dysfunctions common to those disorders. The disorders considered include attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, schizophrenia, depression, generalized anxiety disorder, Huntington's disease, Parkinson's disease, and possibly Alzheimer's disease. The chapter concludes by highlighting the importance of imaging and biomarkers, methods that will continue to elucidate brain-behavior relationships and so aid early detection, prognosis, and treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPublic Mental Health
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199950416
ISBN (Print)9780195390445
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 20 2012

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Brain function
  • Executive functions
  • Imaging
  • Mental disorders
  • Prosocial behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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