Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) is commonly treated empirically with acyclovir without confirmatory brain biopsy. Three consecutive adults with molecularly verified mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome presented with, and were treated for, apparent HSE. MELAS syndrome in adults may present as an atypical, recurrent form of HSE and should be added to the list of neurologic diseases that can mimic HSE.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology