Medical robotics and computer-integrated interventional medicine

Russell H. Taylor, Peter Kazanzides

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter is concerned with computer-integrated interventional medicine (CIIM). The technology used in interventional medicine has been computer-based. Medical imaging devices have progressed from simple X-ray units to sophisticated systems combining advanced sensors and computation to provide unprecedented information about a patient's anatomy and physiology. Medical workstations are able to combine information from many sources to help surgeons and other physicians plan interventions and provide real-time information supports in carrying out these plans. Robotic devices and endoscopic cameras enable physicians to perform minimally invasive procedures that would otherwise be impossible. Computer-controlled systems use directed energy to destroy tumors and other malformations inside a patient's body without surgery. Computer-based physiologic monitoring devices are ubiquitous in operating rooms and intensive care units. CIIM systems consist of the following components: computational components that perform a wide variety of image processing, surgical planning, monitoring, and similar tasks; databases of patient-specific information, as well as more generic knowledge bases about human anatomy and physiology, common treatment plans, outcome data, etc.; and devices such as imagers, robots, and human-machine interfaces that relate the virtual reality of computer representations to the actual reality of the patient, interventional room, and clinician. One goal of both teleoperation and hands-on control in a surgeon extender system is to enable the surgeon to directly control the motion of the robot; the fact that a computer is actually meditating between the surgeon's command input and the robot's actual motion can create many more possibilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBiomedical Information Technology
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages393-416
Number of pages24
ISBN (Print)9780123735836
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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