Mediators of the stress-substance-use relationship in urban male adolescents

Diana H. Fishbein, Mindy Herman-Stahl, Diana Eldreth, Mallie J. Paschall, Christopher Hyde, Robert Hubal, Eric Scott Hubbard, Jason Williams, Nicholas S Ialongo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Exposure to chronic or severe acute stressors throughout the lifespan has been linked with numerous negative behavioral, emotional, cognitive, and physical consequences. Adolescence is considered to be a particularly vulnerable period given that the brain is experiencing dramatic developmental change during this time. The present study examined a sample of adolescents (N=125) considered to be at high risk for stress exposures and drug use by virtue of their environment and low income levels to identify possible neurocognitive (i.e., impulsivity, delay of gratification, emotional perception, and risky decision-making) and social competency mechanisms that may mediate this relationship. Using Mplus, a mediational model was tested using full information maximum likelihood estimates. Risky decision-making and poor social competency skills were related to previous stressful experiences; however, only social competencies mediated the effect of stressors on reports of past year marijuana, alcohol, and polydrug use. As such, stress appears to exert its negative impact through alterations in abilities to generate and execute prosocial decisions and behaviors. Interventions that directly address the effects of stress on social competencies may be especially important for children who have experienced adversity including those exposed to parental divorce, parental psychopathology, neglect or abuse, parental death, and poverty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-126
Number of pages14
JournalPrevention Science
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006

Fingerprint

Decision Making
Parental Death
Likelihood Functions
Aptitude
Divorce
Impulsive Behavior
Cannabis
Poverty
Psychopathology
Alcohols
Brain
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Social Skills

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Executive cognitive function
  • Social competency
  • Stress
  • Substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Fishbein, D. H., Herman-Stahl, M., Eldreth, D., Paschall, M. J., Hyde, C., Hubal, R., ... Ialongo, N. S. (2006). Mediators of the stress-substance-use relationship in urban male adolescents. Prevention Science, 7(2), 113-126. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-006-0027-4

Mediators of the stress-substance-use relationship in urban male adolescents. / Fishbein, Diana H.; Herman-Stahl, Mindy; Eldreth, Diana; Paschall, Mallie J.; Hyde, Christopher; Hubal, Robert; Hubbard, Eric Scott; Williams, Jason; Ialongo, Nicholas S.

In: Prevention Science, Vol. 7, No. 2, 06.2006, p. 113-126.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fishbein, DH, Herman-Stahl, M, Eldreth, D, Paschall, MJ, Hyde, C, Hubal, R, Hubbard, ES, Williams, J & Ialongo, NS 2006, 'Mediators of the stress-substance-use relationship in urban male adolescents', Prevention Science, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 113-126. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-006-0027-4
Fishbein DH, Herman-Stahl M, Eldreth D, Paschall MJ, Hyde C, Hubal R et al. Mediators of the stress-substance-use relationship in urban male adolescents. Prevention Science. 2006 Jun;7(2):113-126. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-006-0027-4
Fishbein, Diana H. ; Herman-Stahl, Mindy ; Eldreth, Diana ; Paschall, Mallie J. ; Hyde, Christopher ; Hubal, Robert ; Hubbard, Eric Scott ; Williams, Jason ; Ialongo, Nicholas S. / Mediators of the stress-substance-use relationship in urban male adolescents. In: Prevention Science. 2006 ; Vol. 7, No. 2. pp. 113-126.
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