We report a rare case of mediastinal mass caused by Aspergillus fumigatus in a lung transplant recipient. The patient presented 9 months after bilateral lung transplantation for cystic fibrosis with intermittent fevers and new onset atrial fibrillation/flutter caused by a 7-cm mediastinal mass invading the left atrium. The mass was resected, and a prolonged course of voriconazole and caspofungin was given, which resulted in a complete clinical response. Despite long-term suppressive therapy with voriconazole, a relapse occurred 16 months after the initial diagnosis. This case highlights the challenges in the prevention and treatment of invasive aspergillosis in lung transplant recipients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine